Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Keywords : Barriers

Barriers in Implementing TQM in Secondary Schools: A comparison between privately-owned and government-owned schools of Pakistan

Abdullah Aziz , M. Jafar Hussain, , SayedFayaz Ahmad, AbidHussain Nadeem, Muhammad Ibrahim, Abdul Qayyum, Sana Amjad

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 5, Pages 294-307
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.05.019

Quality in education is essential in the overall development of a nation. In an
underdeveloped nation, such as Pakistan, the focus of quality is usually on primary or tertiary
education which overlookssecondary schooling. In this regard, theperceived causes of poor
implementation of total quality management in secondary schooling were studied. Faculties of
both public and private schools were surveyed with respect to six different barriers that are
responsible for lack of quality in the education sector. Each analyzed barrier pointed out the
extent of the educational quality. It also highlights the similarity in educational qualitydoes not
depend upon the ownership of the school. Reasons for poor perception of quality management
systems in the education sector are also discussed along with recommendations against each



Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 6836-6846
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.653

This paper has critically analyzed barriers to development of potential renewable
energy resources to resolve the power crisis in Pakistan. The study was limited to the electric
power sector and based on secondary data, experts’ opinions and stakeholder consultations. The
study tried to explore the question: why the available substantial renewable energy sources in the
country are not being tapped to produce electricity and what are the barriers in development of the
power sector of Pakistan? Energy experts and stakeholders including government officials and
environmental experts were consulted. Focused group discussions and individual consultations
were made for seeking opinions and ideas about development and promotion of renewable energy
for the power sector. The findings of the study showed that Pakistan’s total installed power
generation capacity is 39000 MW and the contribution of renewable energy is less than 10% (6%
from renewable: wind, solar and bagasse) as compared to conventional sources of energy despite
its huge potential. There are political as well as technical, financial and social issues which
marginalize renewable energy in the country. In order to improve the situation, there is a dire need
to prioritize options in the energy sector and to promote renewable energy by providing strong
financial, technical and legal support. Moreover, political stability, visionary leadership and
pragmatic and integrated power policy/energy plan are required to promote renewable energy
exploitation in the country. It is hoped that this study will help to pinpoint the loopholes and gaps
in the development of the power sector along with factors hindering the development and
promotion of renewable energy in Pakistan. Based on the findings, it is suggested that improved
governance with strategic planning and appropriate implementation mechanisms in the power
sector of Pakistan are needed for sustainable energy development.

Barriers to climate adaption in farming


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 614-619
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.083

Descriptive research is applied by using a convenience method of sampling with 70 respondents. The data is collected from the farmers. The majority of respondents were both male and female and their majority of age group were less than 35 years. The tools used for the study are mean analysis, frequency analysis, t-test and ANOVA. It is found that farming is the factor influenced by climate and farming has barriers to adapt to the climate. Cultivating expects a fundamental part in the economy of non-modern countries, and gives the essential wellspring of food, pay and work to their common masses. It has gotten logically clear over the last couple of years that the start of both monetary master and system makers regarding the work of cultivation in money related improvement has experienced a huge headway. Around one fourth of the Earth's bound surface is as of now a work in progress with more land changed over to manage creation. Humanity has similarly gotten skilled at raising yields through using inputs like manures, pesticides and common waste products. Anyway in various more shocking countries with low benefit rates and creating masses, agribusiness continues wandering into immaterial and sensitive grounds. It adds to the monetary new development. In light of the public compensation level, similarly as people's lifestyle is improved. 

A study on trade barrier and export intention of shrimp with special reference to Chennai


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 896-902
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.127

In a shrimp exporting the SIMP (Seafood import monitoring program), Turtle excluding device, Antidumping, Price fluctuations are the most trade barrier in global market. This paper examines the perspective of trade barriers in exporting shrimp to the other country. This study revealed major trade barrier information on exporting shrimp to US and EU.