Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Keywords : motivation

Developing a Human Resource Analytics (HRA) competency framework for enhancing Return on Investment (ROI): An empirical investigation

Dr.Gayathri. R

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2022, Volume 28, Issue 4, Pages 1368-1378
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2022.28.04.105

The study of the relationship between existing HRA competency and Return on investment (ROI) is a relevant theme. Though the role of employee-related elements of HRA (such as capabilities, motivation and opportunity; CMO) in influencing financial outcomes is relevant, there is no empirical evidence analysing the influence of these variables in the HRA competency-ROI relationship. Using a sample of HR professionals (n = 230) in private organizations in Bangalore, India, this paper tested the hypothesized model using SEM. The present paper examined the mediating effects of capability, motivation and opportunity on the relationship between the existing HRA competency and ROI. Likewise, this study tested the differential effect of capability, motivation and opportunity on ROI. The findings of the study identified a positive and significant relationship between existing HRA competency, employee motivation and ROI. Besides, ‘opportunity’ was identified as a significant mediator of the link between existing HRA competency and ROI. Concerning the differential effect of the individual employee-related variables, the present study revealed that ‘opportunity’ was more strongly related to ROI than ‘motivation’. As one of the first, this paper presents a framework that explains how HRA competency influences ROI through CMO.

Employee Job Satisfaction in IT Industry in Bangalore: An Empirical Study

Ms. Sharmila Fernandes, Dr. P.Sudarkodi

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2022, Volume 28, Issue 4, Pages 1432-1442
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2022.28.04.111

This paper empirically examined the impact of employee job satisfaction on organizational performance in large and medium scale manufacturing industries. It notes that Employee job satisfaction is vital for improved organizational performances. The paper tells that an employee with a high level of job satisfaction holds positive attitudes towards his job. On the contrary, an employee who is dissatisfied with his job holds negative attitudes about the job. The aim of this study is to analyze the impact of employees job satisfaction on organizational performance among the employees working in IT industry in Bangalore and also to explore the link between job satisfaction and organizational performance and to determine if there is an empirically provable relationship between these two variables, and the direction and the intensity of this relationship. Empirical research was conducted on a research sample of five software companies (TCS, Wipro, Infosys, Accenture and IBM) with 155 employees surveyed. The results of this study show the existence of a clear link between employees’ job satisfaction and organizational performance in both directions, but with pretty weak intensity. Study concluded that job satisfaction determines organizational performance, rather than organizational performance determining job satisfaction.


Maddukuri Maheswara Vishnu Sai

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2022, Volume 28, Issue 4, Pages 91-111
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2022.28.04.008

Management has a crucial part to play in helping people find work that is more enjoyable and
rewarding for them, as well as in ensuring that the motivation of employees is aligned with
the goals of the business. This is a challenging endeavour because of the many different types
of people that work in modern companies. The things that individuals value and the things
that are gratifying to them are influenced by a variety of variables, one of which is the various
cultures to which they belong. This research takes the point of view of a manager and seeks
to get an understanding of what motivates individuals, what impacts them, and why they
continue to engage in certain behaviours. The motivational levels of the organization's staff
members will also be investigated as part of this research.

Nonverbal Communication (NVC) and teacher presence in collaborative online learning

Dr. Muhammad Tariq Bhatti, Dr. Roshan Ali Teevno

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 6, Pages 308-316
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.06.027

Communication process requires a powerful combination of verbal and nonverbal process
that is one of the abilities that every teacher needs to master. In communication, the
estimation of sixty-five to seventy percent of the message is received by nonverbal and
only thirty to thirty-five percent by verbal communication. This research seeks to analyze
the effect of nonverbal communication by secondary teachers on the motivation and
presence of students in a collaborative online learning environment. The information was
gathered by questionnaires and interviews from both instructors and learners. The results
showed that Nonverbal Communication can be an essential source of inspiration and
attention for the learning process of students and a medium to attract their attention.
Relying on the research outcomes that show the important role of Nonverbal
Communication (NVC) in the teaching and learning process teachers by using the
appropriate NVC types, eventually play a critical role during online collaborative teaching
which can affect students’ motivation and higher collaborative learning participation. In
order to accurately convey learning content to students, teachers will have to improve and
expand positive interactions.


Rabia Mian, ChaudhryAbdul Rehman, Muhammad Rafiq, Sobia Nasir

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 5, Pages 937-945
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.05.061

Knowledge sharing is an important aspect of knowledge management and it is important and
progressively recognized for international business management. The aim of this study to
examine the impact of knowledge sharing tools (technology and organization rewards) on
knowledge transfer in the education sector of Pakistan Punjab. The survey method is used to
collect the data from public and private university employees from Punjab, Pakistan. By Using
the cluster random sampling method, the results of the structural equation model (SEM) and inter
reliability reveals the existence of internal reliability and validity of construct with a sample of
750. Results of the research work indicate that knowledge-sharing tools organization rewards
and technology have a significant impact on knowledge transfer. The results of the study also
confirm that motivation mediates the relationship among organization reward, technology, and
knowledge transfer. Furthermore, the organization reward and technology along with motivation
endorse the knowledge transfer to individuals and organizations. This study work contributed in
managerial and theatrical by considering technology and organization reward is knowledge
sharing tool effect on knowledge transfer with mediation analysis of motivation which improves
the organization effectiveness. The comparative study may be conducted in the future or in
another region of the country.

Motivation And Compensation As Predictors Of Employees’ Retention: An Empirical Study Of A Public Sector Organization


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 67-73
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.009

Pakistan is a developing country, where employee retention is a fast-growing subject and it is considered a unique form of an idea. The unusual economic changes of today’s era are directly connected with the employees’ progress and growth in an organization, it is analyzed that the retention of employees’ is connected with his growth and promotions. If the employee is provided with timely and due promotions then these are retained otherwise they seek options to turnover. The study examined the impact of motivation and compensation on employee retention in Sui southern gas company Dadu. The data was collected from the very professional public sector Sui Southern Gas Company Limited Dadu in the form of 80 questionnaires from different employees of various SSGCL sections. The data are analyzed through statistical tests and multiple techniques. The results show that constant improvement in motivation level and practical exercise of compensation might bring improvement in employee‟ retention. Motivation and compensation are directly associated with employee retention. The recommendations of this study are very useful for the company’s (SSGCL) management, various strategies and implications are recommended for policymaking.   

Student Motivation in Outdoor Recreation Engagement: Examining the Validity and Reliability of the Measuring Instruments

Roslizawati Che Aziz; Ruzanifah Kosnin; Nik Alif Amri Nik Hashim; Fadhilahanim Aryani Abdullah; Siti Salina Saidin; Nor Syuhada Zulkefli; Nurzehan Abu Bakar

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 4723-4731
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.495

Motivation is a detailed, wide-researched concept in the tourism field, and it is often
associated with the pull and push factors and their influence on student behaviour.
Hence, using a quantitative method through a questionnaire survey, this study aims to
measure motivation and its roles in influencing higher education students to engage in
outdoor recreation activities. A total of 150 respondents had participated in this study
and the data gathered from the questionnaires were analyzed using the IBM SPSS
version 26 statistical software. Priorly, expert evaluations were conducted to measure
the reliability, content validity, face validity, and normality of the data. The pilot study
has verified the reliability of the measuring instrument, while the data evidenced
rational normality. Overall, the findings supported the measuring instruments proposed
in this study for further research.

The link between Work Motivation and Organizational Commitment – Differences between Central and Local Authority Employees

Gaziz Sagituly; Junhua Guo

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 5179-5191
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.529

Despite the fact that both the central and local executive bodies are part of the Kazakhstani public administration system, its working conditions, salaries, social allowances and employment relationships are different. Therefore, it can be assumed that civil servants’ attitudes toward their job and organizations, and relationships between them, are different. This paper investigates the motivation-commitment link with respect to differences between central and local authorities’ employees, with a number of goals: to determine levels of motivation and commitment vary the employment place; to identify the main motivation factors that might influence each dimension of organizational commitment.
A sample of 1205 civil servants completed standardized questionnaires. The results show significant relationships between motivation and organizational commitment. Results also confirmed the hypothesized relationship differences: Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations are more strongly related to the continuance and normative commitment for central authority employees than for local authority ones. In turn, when both motivational factors increase, local authority employees have a stronger affective commitment than do central authority’s employees


M. Sumathy; G.Anitha Rathna; B. Ramya

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 4651-4658
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.490

Now a days consumers are preferred to consumes an organic has risen over an time, it may
shows an positive attitude towards these organic product, but in an research suggest
comparatively low volume of an Consumption in the markets. This has resulted to study
motivation to enhance a consumer tendency to choose to purchase organic foods. This research
attempt to understand a potential association between Motivation, buying behaviour and attitude
towards on organic products. To develop a theoretically framework by using an SDT (Self -
Determination Theory) which is used to evaluate an organic Consumers. The data was analyzed
through a Structural Equational Model (SEM), attitude and consumer behaviors are used to find
out an consumer motivation to purchase an organic foods. According to an SDT there are various
kinds of a motivational factors influencean consumer like intrinsic motivation, Integrated
regulation, Integrated regulation and Extrinsic motivation. Researcher find out a there is an
association between Introjection Motivation and Identified motivation are mostly influence
them to purchase am organic foods.

Ordinal to Cardinal positional transformation of need hierarchy

Soma Chakraborty; Juthika Konwar; Abhijit Pandit

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 2853-2872
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.295

The drive to get an action accomplished is motivation. The combination of needs, drives and outcomes gets the action to move and this consolidated action is called motivation. Motivation helps judge the attractiveness of a stimulus. The knowledge of the determinants of motivation is very important for the study of motivation. The study of motivation reaches its proper significance when the works of Abraham Maslow is studied. The theory of needs answers variety of questions when motivation is to be studied. The significance of need accomplishment according to the hierarchy ladder of need as propounded by Maslow when studied in connection with consumer’s want for buying a house under the parameters of ordinal scale, receives a new paradigm when converted to the cardinal scale. The present research paper studies the consumer motivation factors according to the categories of consumers based on demography and converts the data from ordinal form to cardinal form. The conversion of data type helps the understanding and study of the data better. Where constituents of the respondent type unwrap the need hierarchy and carry the study of motivation to an elevated level.

Impact of Motivation on Employee Job Satisfaction: With Special Reference to Health Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 6394-6405
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.627

The objectives of this study were to identify the level of the motivation and job satisfaction of health workers in Sri Lanka, to study the relationship between motivation and job satisfaction, to study the relationship between motivation and dimensions of job satisfaction, to study the relationship between dimensions of motivation and job satisfaction and to explain the ways of improving motivation factors to increase the job satisfaction. To analyze this condition, three hypotheses were formulated. The study was conducted by using a random sample of 100 numbers of Doctors, Nursing Officers and Midwives live in Nintavur. The type of investigation was correlational and it was cross-sectional on time horizon. Doctors, Nursing Officers, and Midwives who live in Nintavur served as respondents for this study. Measures of the study were of good quality after assuring reliability and validity. Data were collected from 100 respondents which were 100% response rate. To test the hypotheses that were concerned with the relationship between the perceived degree of Motivation and perceived degree of Job satisfaction, the Pearson Product Movement Correlation technique was applied. The results of the study showed a significant and positive relationship (r =.807, p=.000) between the perceived degree of Motivation and perceived degree of Job satisfaction.

Quality Of Work Life On The Tegallalang Gianyar Kesmas Technical Service Unit

I Made Sudirman; Putu Kepramareni; I Nengah Suardhika

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 1172-1188

The achievement of optimal employee performance based on good behavior from individual motivation and working conditions in the organization is becoming increasingly important. This research was conducted to examine and explain the role of motivation and quality of work life (in the application of organizational citizenship behavior in the workplace, and its impact on employee performance. This research was conducted with a survey approach to employees who work at the Public Health Technical Service Unit in Tegallalang Gianyar with a sample of all employees, as many as 73 people. Data were obtained from distributing questionnaires, then analyzed using SEM with the Smart-PLS software program. The findings obtained from the results of the analysis carried out that the motivation possessed by employees at work is not able to determine the increase in employee performance at Tegallalang Gianyar Public Health Unit. However, the work motivation of employees who are able to underlie OCB can determine better employee performance. Meanwhile, the quality of work life of employees is able to directly determine the increase in employee performance. However, the quality of work life which is good and can underlie OCB turns out to be able to produce greater performance achievements of employees at the Public Health Technical Service Unit in Tegallalang Gianyar.

Job Satisfaction in Pt Nitya Pariwisata Mandiri, Badung

I Putu Yana Mahardika; I Nengah Sudja; Nengah Landra

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 3856-3875

This study aims to determine the effect of organizational culture and motivation on job satisfaction and its effect on employee performance at PT. Nitya Wisata Mandiri, Badung. The population used in this study were all employees of PT. Nitya Wisata Mandiri, Badung, which numbered 90 people. The data analysis technique used is Partial Least Square (PLS) using Smart PLS software. The results of this study indicate that organizational culture has a direct or indirect effect on employee performance. Motivation has an indirect effect on employee performance. Organizational culture has a positive and significant effect on job satisfaction. Motivation has a positive and significant effect on job satisfaction. Job satisfaction has a positive and significant effect on employee performance. So it is suggested that the company can continue to maintain the consistency of a good organizational culture, then the company is advised to design a motivation system that can reach all employees, and the company should always make job satisfaction a consideration in an effort to improve employee performance.

A study on factor influencing employee motivation in work environment


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 691-696
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.02.097

Representatives are the main resources of an association. Additionally, in the present exceptionally serious world representatives are the elements which decide achievement or disappointment of an association. They are the ones who cooperate with the client on an everyday premise and complete the entire activity. As such the associations need to focus on the happiness of the representatives. What's more, as quality HR gets an ever increasing number of meager, the organizations need to pay more notice as per the general inclination of workers. Likewise, notwithstanding the fulfillment of the representative, the business has a task to carry out in the inspiration of the worker. In the event that the worker is propelled towards the work, at that point it is probably going to yield more outcomes.