Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Keywords : Food security


A Review of Organic Agriculture Industry in Malaysia and Gross Margin between Organic and Conventional Plantation

SITI RAHYLA RAHMAT; HAMAD HASUL KHAN; RADIN FIRDAUS RADIN BADARUDDIN; MOHD FIKRI MOHAMAD; MOHAMAD SHAHARUDIN SAMSURIJAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 329-338
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.03.046

The objective of this study are 1) To review the definition of organic farming 2) To investigate the international and local standard for organic food and 3) To compare gross margin between organic and inorganic paddy farming. Using field evaluation and interview techniques, this study conducted a study on 3 organic farms and 27 inorganic paddy farms in Malaysia. Two leading organic agriculture regulators in the world are IFOAM and USDA, IFOAM allows private standard setters to define their additional criteria and USDA does not allow others to set a standard that is above the federal. This study also laid out a few organic accreditations in several Asian countries including Thailand, Indonesia, Cambodia, Japan, India, and China. Field evaluation of conventional and organic paddy plantation are discussed and it is found that organic plantation earned less gross margins (13.5 %) as compared to inorganic farming. This study may give some inputs for the Research and Development (R&D) department to improve the organic farming activities and how to reduce its cost and increase its gross margin. Organic farming is important as it is sustainable to lure bio-economy strategy and food security in Malaysia as laid out in National Agricultural Policy.

International Legal Cooperation in The Field of Food Security and Agriculture

AZIZA BAHTIYAROVNA KHODJAYEVA

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 3546-3550
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.27.02.365

In this article you will learn about global food security, the fight against hunger and human rights to food, as well as international cooperation between Uzbekistan and the FAO, the UN specialized agency for food quality in society in the fight against poverty.

The Main Tasks Of Farms And Dekhkan Farms In Ensuring Productive Security In Uzbekistan

Gulnoza Tokhirovna Samiyeva

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 3897-3902

This article talks about ensuring food security and what an important role farmers and dekhkan farms plays its. The problem of food security is exacerbated by the narrowing of the gap between the possibilities of agricultural production to meet the standards of human health per capita, and therefore it is necessary to study ways to solve the provision of food for humanity.

Ensuring Economic and Food Security through the Development of the Agricultural Sector (The (Example of Ukraine)

UTENKOVA KARINA; DUKHNEVYCH ANDRII; POHRISHCUK BORYS; BEREZINA LIUDMYLA; BRATANOV BOHDAN

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 90-100
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.01.012

The purpose of the academic paper is to develop ways in order to increase the level of food security of Ukraine and the world on the basis of sustainable development by providing a bioeconomic vector of development of the agricultural sector. Research methods: analysis of theoretical and empirical scientific papers, analytical reports, policy papers, synthesis, induction, SWOT-analysis. Results: as a result of the study conducted, a bioeconomic model of agricultural sector development has been developed on the basis of sustainable intensification, the application of which will ensure the required level of food security in Ukraine and the world. The model includes a number of aspects for its application in different operating conditions. Conclusions: Ireland, Austria and France are the leaders in the field of food security according to the Global Food Security Index (GFSI). In Ukraine, this index has the lowest value among the studied countries. Ukraine’s food security is affected by such negative factors as underdeveloped infrastructure, lack of funding, and lack of a strategic vision of food security at the state level. At the same time, there is a great untapped potential in agricultural production in Ukraine. The developed theoretical bioeconomic model of agricultural development includes the maximum number of factors that affect the quality and stability of production, storage, and minimizes the negative effects of production. It has been taken into account that the long-term ability of the food system for provision of sufficient nutritious food will depend on its ability to respond to environmental and social-economic challenges, minimizing the negative impact on human health and the environment. The SWOT-analysis of the developed model has been carried out, which includes the analysis of benefits and shortcomings, opportunities and challenges as a result of its application. The developed bioeconomic model of agricultural sector development will contribute to solving a wide range of topical issues of economic and food security of Ukraine and the world.