Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Volume 23, Issue 1

Volume 23, Issue 1, Summer and Autumn 2017


The Relationship between Perceived Organisational Support, Perceived External Prestige, Growth Need Strength and Job Satisfaction of Nurses in Pakistan

Farzan Yahya, Amad Rashid, Syed Atif Ali

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2017, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 3-19

The purpose of the study is to explore the moderating role of Growth Need Strength (GNS) on the relationship between Perceived Organisational Support (POS), Perceived External Prestige (PEP) and job satisfaction in the healthcare industry of Pakistan. The data was collected from nurses working in the public sector hospitals in Pakistan. After a successful confirmatory data analysis, a multivariate regression analysis was utilised to interpret the results. The results indicate that there is a positive and statistically significant effect of POS and GNS on job satisfaction. However, no statistically significant association is found between PEP and job satisfaction. The findings also reveal that GNS positively moderates the relationship between POS and job satisfaction. Healthcare organisations can utilise these results as a basis for future planning and decision making to retain nurses and to improve their job satisfaction level. These organisations should give preference to employees with high growth needs.

Sectoral concentration and regional specialisation of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Russia: Application of Krugman Index

Iuliia Pinkovetskaia

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2017, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 20-29

The purpose of this study was to assess the current levels of sectoral concentration and regional specialisation of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Russia using Krugman’s Indexes of concentration and specialisation. The study used data from the official statistical observation of activities of all Russian SMEs for the year 2015, representing 82 Russian regions and 13 types of economic activity (sectors). A high level of SME concentration was observed in fishing, mining and quarrying and agricultural sectors. The concentration of SMEs in manufacturing is much higher than in the services sector. The regional specialisation of SMEs is relatively small in Russia. Specialisation is above the national average in the regions where agricultural SMEs dominate and in Moscow, where real estate SMEs are widely distributed. These results could be of interest to entrepreneurs when choosing the type of sectors to engage in and policymakers in promoting SMEs in particular economic sectors and regions of Russia.

Policy and Governance for Electricity Supply in Australia: Public or Private Interest?

Chris Aulich, Roger Wettenhall

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2017, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 30-46

The National Energy Market (NEM) introduced in 1998 sought to connect the electrically linked states and territories of eastern and southern Australia in a system which embraced the generation, transmission, distribution and marketing of electric power. The ‘market’ unbundled the vertically integrated public enterprises then operating at state and territory levels and substituted a complex system comprising several hundred entities functioning through all phases of the industry and demanding significant coordination and regulation to ensure effective operation. This article looks first at the structural arrangements, and examines private, public and public-private elements of the mix. It then considers a set of public interest tests for the industry first proposed as early as 1956, and asks whether the NEM arrangements satisfy those tests. It concludes that they do not.

Factors Affecting Smartphone Purchase Decisions of Generation-Y

Nushrat Shabrin, Sarod Khandaker, Saad Bin Abul Kashem, Chan Kit Hie, Teresa Susila

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2017, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 47-65

Smartphones have become an indispensable part of daily life of GenerationY. Currently, Generation-Y accounts for the biggest proportion of the Malaysian population, and they are the main users of smartphones. The main objective of this research is to determine the factors influencing the smartphone purchase decisions of Generation-Y. Based on a literature review and survey, this study finds seven factors that influence smartphone purchase decisions: brand, convenience, dependency, price, social influence, product feature and social needs. The research used a questionnaire with a 5-point Likert scale for data collection and a sample of 152 respondents (Generation-Y) from the Kuching region of Malaysia. We find evidence that social influence, product feature, and brand image have significant positive impacts on the smartphone purchasing decisions. Other factors, such as convenience, dependency, price and social needs were statistically insignificant.

The Novel "The White Tiger" by Aravind Adiga: A Study in the Context of Cultural Encounters

Venkatanarayanan, Suresh Babu, M. Suresh .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2017, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 66-71
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2017.23.01.005

"The White Tiger," a book by Aravind Adiga, is an authorised work that brilliantly depicts cultural
exchanges amongst diverse parts of Indian society. Aravind Adiga is a well-known author in India.
Adiga has shown cultural exchanges inside India, and we feel that togetherness is the key to success.
The beauty of our country may be found within its wide variety. Actually, our nation has a number of
There are several varied cultures in our country, and as a result, there are numerous cultural
exchanges. a process that is going place It is well acknowledged that India is a rapidly expanding
nation, and in this regard In order to pursue an economic goal, it must first navigate through a series
of cultural contacts. Furthermore, in the There is a vast area of India that has been disregarded, and
these stupid individuals have benefited from this neglect. been driven to engage in battle with the
wealthier members of society In actuality, the Meetings between the 'haves' and the 'have nots' raise a
slew of issues in the minds of both parties. readers who are well-versed in the literature under
consideration Cultural interactions provide a signal as to the cultural context. Our civilization is
characterised by its uniformity. Traditions, norms, conventions, rituals, and so on have all been
revealed in this case. to the prism of the present day Interactions with other cultures are constantly
related with one's own identity. The author of the book According to the author, the primary focus is
on cultural exchanges between two societies: urban and rural. There is an India of Light, and there is
an India of Darkness. The book under consideration also depicts Indians. The impact of Western
civilization is having an effect on the way society is evolving. It also draws attention to the The
difficulty of rural society to keep up with the speed of urban life in India. This is a rural area.India is
feeling ignored and impoverished, which has motivated the lead character of the novel to be a woman.
new to engage in rebellion, resulting in a variety of cultural conflicts Balram, the major figure, is
eventually revealed. Following all social and economic norms, the main character becomes a
successful entrepreneur Indian customs and traditions In this piece of writing, an effort has been made
to provide a variety of viewpoints. Episodes of cultural contacts, as depicted by the author, are
presented without any type of context. Any emotional propensity towards a certain direction, no
matter what it may be.

Cost Optimization for Transportation Using Linear Programming

LAKSHMI, M. Suresh, .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2017, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 72-79
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2017.23.01.006

Transportation plays a vital role in every manufacturing industry as it is one of the major activities
that binds the whole supply chain and accounts for customer satisfaction with the right delivery time.
Hence, bringing in an optimized transport routing on the grounds of time taken and cost of
transportation is very important. In this paper, a cost optimization model for transportation of goods of
a flavors and fragrance company is presented. The problem was a linear programming problem and
was solved using an EXCEL solver. A savings of Rs. 765,000 per annum was estimated comparing
the cost of transportation in the new model to that of the previous model.

An investigation of the nature of RUSKIN BOND's writings

Mani Kumar, Suresh Babu, .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2017, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 80-83
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2017.23.01.007

This research project has been done in order to investigate and evaluate the style of Ruskin Bond's
short tales about nature. Any appraisal of Ruskin Bond as a nature lover must to take into
consideration the genre of his short storey writing, which has developed the fragrance of nature in its
many forms. The Himalayan Mountains are in this region. Bond's imagery and sensuality are not
overpowered by the other characters. any portrayal of nature that is metaphorical in character. They
develop as a consequence of his affection for and concern for them. a dedication to the environment
He does not suffocate the spontaneity of natural images by using a camera. associated with a second
layer of significance or as a demonstration of his understanding Stunningly beautiful and He is stirred
by the spectacular vibrations of nature, which he enjoys sharing with his readers. Nature, the
Himalayan region, exploration, and imagination are some of the key phrases.

Cleistanthus collinus' lignan extract was extracted using the optimal solvent, volume, and time.

LAVANYA, Dr. Kiran, .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2017, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 84-88
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2017.23.01.008

In order to acquire and preserve herbarium specimens, Cleistanthus collinus need additional precautions
for their protection. Aryl naphthalene is found in plants and has a wide range of physiological effects. A
soxhlet extractor is being used to study the extraction of lignan-derived compounds from plants.
Alcoholic extract and defated petroleum ether are efficient solvents because they are optimised for
polarity. Extracting chemicals from plants requires a precise measurement of the solvent volume (1gm per
15 ml). Extraction time for each solvent must be determined.