Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Volume 25, Issue 1

Volume 25, Issue 1, Summer and Autumn 2019


Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Finance

Camelia S. Ferrua Rotaru, Ph.D.

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 1-13

With the move toward sustainability on the rise, significant challenges and opportunities arise as investors and analysts attempt to evaluate how companies incorporate ESG factors in their strategies in order to generate long-term competitive financial returns with positive societal impact. Since the current businesses landscape and reporting environment provides for limited, voluntary disclosures on ESG issues and rewards short-term performance, management is often reluctant to reallocate capital toward long-term sustainability goals and investors struggle to evaluate the impact of ESG factors on performance. Boards of directors are, therefore, uniquely positioned to develop and enact longterm business visions that clearly articulate the role that ESG factors play in the business and align current business performance with long-term sustainable finance factors. This would allow management to execute and forecast against objectives that address the strategic guidance given for the business and also provide a clearer sense of direction to analysts and investors as they evaluate the financial impact of ESG considerations.

Insolvency Reforms in India: Policy and Economic Implications

Shinu Vig

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 14-29

The Indian government introduced the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code of India (IBC) in 2016 as reforms in insolvency and bankruptcy laws are crucial for improving the business environment and credit markets in India. The banking sector of India has been marred for long by the problem of Non-performing-Assets (NPAs), and many of its largest companies are struggling under massive debts. The main objective of the new law was to facilitate insolvency resolution and liquidation in a timely manner and to improve India’s ranking in the ‘ease of doing business’ index. This paper highlights the importance of insolvency reform in the economic policy of any country, while it examines the insolvency regime in India under the IBC with respect to its prospects and challenges and implications of the Code for the Indian corporate sector. Thus, the paper contributes to the policy debate relating to this subject.

Estimating entrepreneurial risk in Russian small and medium-sized enterprises

Iuliia S. Pinkovetskaia, Elena A. Sverdlikova, Anton V. Lebedev

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 30-43

Identifying risks is essential to ensure the efficiency of activities of small and medium-sized enterprises who are most exposed to the effects of risks due to limited resources and their structural features. The purpose of this study was to define the levels of entrepreneurial risk prevailing in recent years in Russian micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. The study used data from the official statistical collection of activities of all Russian enterprises for the period 2015 to 2017, representing 82 Russian regions and thirteen types of economic activity. The highest level of acceptable entrepreneurial risk was observed in the trade industry. The highest level of critical entrepreneurial risk was observed in enterprises specializing in the production and distribution of electricity, gas and water, and in mining. The highest level of catastrophic risk was observed in enterprises specializing in building and construction, transport and communications, and in wholesale and retail trade. These results could be of interest to entrepreneurs when choosing the type of sectors to engage in, and to policymakers in supporting enterprises in particular economic sectors of Russia. This paper aims to contribute to the scholarly debate on the establishment of levels of entrepreneurial risk.

Do seasonal anomalies still persist? Empirical evidence post-global financial crisis

Muskan Kaur, Dinesh Jaisinghani , Mahesh Ramalingam

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 44-65

The present study examines the presence of seasonal anomalies and volatility clustering in the Malaysian securities market in the post-global financial crisis period. An analysis has been performed for 11 different broad and sectoral indices of the Bursa Malaysia stock exchange. The time frame of one decade post the global financial crisis, that is, from 2009 to 2018, has been chosen for the empirical analysis. The results provide strong support for the existence of the presence of the day-of-theweek effect and the trading-month effect for the Malaysian market. However, there is weak evidence supporting the month-of-the-year effect. The results further highlight significant volatility clustering for the Malaysian market. Moreover, it is also observed that negative shocks generate higher volatility in the Malaysian market, as compared to positive shocks. The overall results confirm that the Malaysian market is not weak-form efficient in the post-global financial crisis period.

Socio economic impact of One-Town-One-Product (OTOP) Entrepreneurial program in Region 1 Philippines

Christian Thom F. Tabisola

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 66-73

One-town-one-product (OTOP) is a program of the Department of Trade and Industry that  envisions having a product for each town and making it known to the market locally and internationally. This study described the socio-economic impact of OTOP entrepreneurial program as perceived by the entrepreneurs. The descriptive design was used in this study with survey questionnaire as research instrument. Most of the respondents are female, married, middle adult, and completed high school. They earned minimal profit, with few numbers of workers and started business using credit and personal money. They are prepared on creat ing new product standardization, regional production networks including sub-contracting process, and export procedures. Most of them agree that the OTOP program  conducted activities like entrepreneurship development program of the province, and tracking of small medium readiness. When it comes to the impact of OTOP to the entrepreneurs, OTOP Region 1 provides average impact on the conduct of marketing endeavours, and better conducive business environment . The OTOP-Philippines program, in spite of its limitations, offers opportunities to thousands of rural enterprises to become viable and competit ive. Therefore, it is imperative that reforms are instituted to make the program truly unleash and harness the entrepreneurship that is needed to move the Philippines forward and be readily competitive in positioning its niche for the global market penetration. In order to make the OTOP program more responsive to the needs of the entrepreneurs in Panagsinan, it is recommended that equal attention must be given in improving the production efficiencies of rural enterprises, investment in research and development , provide room for improvement in the processed food sector, accessible financing to rural micro and small enterprises , and provision of structural reforms
to make sure that the business enabling environment is conducive to the creation and growth of rural enterprises.

Using big data to improve the quality of healthcare in the Jordanian medical sector

Dr. Karim Saeed Okour

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 74-86

This study aimed here to reveal the extent and extent of using some operating hospitals located in Jordan of modern electronic business technologies from big data with the aim of improving and developing health care in their hospitals. The study was applied to that random sample of operating hospitals in JORDAN, whose size reached (45) hospitals The design has not been determined. For collecting data, it has been used with descriptive statistics, and those tests aim to analyze the data and make hypothesis testing such as the signal test, Mann-Whitney test and test. The study finally reached a number of results, the most important of which were: The decrease in the size and level of adoption of these technologies and big data in the Jordanian governmental hospitals affiliated with the Ministry of Health and the private hospitals operating in the Amman region, Whereas, the size of these systems and technologies in the governmental and private hospitals of the Jordanian Ministry of Health was between medium and high.
The study also found here that there is such a relationship between the independent variables (such as type of hospital, hospital size, hospital age, obtaining accreditation).

Solid Waste Management in Urban India: Imperatives for Improvement

Dr. MAUKAM SINGH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 87-92
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.001

Existing solid waste collection, transport and disposal systems are mired in turmoil across India. In cities where fast-growing populations produce more and more solid garbage than urban local bodies (ULBs) are unable to efficiently handle, the issue is more severe. Unfair solid waste management presents environmental and public health concerns. This study examines the status of solid waste management in India and recommends that many problems be solved.

Issues, Strategies and Challenges: The Dimensions of Rural Development in Indian Geography

Dr. MAUKAM SINGH

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 93-98
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.002

More and more nations have been aware of the powerful method to assist them to improve their economy, namely to manage the rural environment. The rural sector is essential to society since it produces civilisation progress and development, so that human aspirations for better life are maintained and met. Rural and economic growth are linked since the majority of development resources are from rural communities. The paper's main purpose is to evaluate rural economic circumstances and examine the villages' problems and difficulties. The report aims at framing a strategy framework for rural economic development that would help India to build a brighter future.

Dividend Decisions with Reference to SMC Global Securities Limited

Mrs. J. Madhavilatha, Mrs. B. Shivalakshmi

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 99-105
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.003

The Dividend Decision, in corporate finance, is a decision made by the directors of a
company. It relates to the amount and timing of any cash payments made to the company's
stockholders. The decision is an important one for the firm as it may influence its capital
structure and stock price. In addition, the decision may determine the amount of taxation
that stockholders pay.
There are three main factors that may influence a firm's dividend decision:
 Free-cash flow
 Dividend clienteles
 Information signaling
The free cash flow theory of dividendstheory, the dividend decision is very simple. The
firm simply pays out, as dividends, any cash that is surplus after it invests in all available
positive net present value projects.Dividend clientelesis a particular pattern of dividend
payments may suit one type of stock holder more than another. A retiree may prefer to
invest in a firm that provides a consistently high dividend yield, whereas a person with a
high income from employment may prefer to avoid dividends due to their high marginal
tax rate on income. If clienteles exist for particular patterns of dividend payments, a firm
may be able to maximize its stock price and minimize its cost of capital by catering to a
particular clientele. This model may help to explain the relatively consistent dividend
policies followed by most listed companies.

Talent Management: A study of Indian IT Companies in NCR

Dr. Uma S. Singh

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 106-119
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.004

Organizations today have realized the significance of human assets and no organization can
achieve great success without talented employees. It is the skilled and competent employees that
make the organizations and they are not only to be procured but also need to be retained and
sustained. Industries operating in highly volatile and dynamic environments, requiring skilled
and competent workforce becomes a challenge itself, especially for the IT sector. Hence there is
a need to focus on what practices and strategies can be adopted to attract and retain potential key
talent. The study aims is to identify talent retention strategies that are adopted in the IT sector in
India and to determine the reasons for talent management strategies and their efficiency thereof.
This will help us understand the key drivers of employees' intentions to stay in their current
organization based on TM's strategies. The present work is empirical in nature and the data was
collected from a randomly drawn group of 185 IT professionals working in IT companies in
Noida, and Gurgaon. Delhi NCR is fast emerging as India’s foremost IT destination. Mean and
independent sample t-tests were applied for the purpose of data analysis and interpretation. The
results of the study highlight salary & incentives and work life balance as the key strategies for
talent retention. The main reason that emerged for TM is its upmost importance for the business
to be successful and sustain well in a turbulent environment like the IT sector.

A framework for integration of digital product presentations for enhancing market share in Indian MSME's

Krishnamurthy KB, Dr. Mohan Kumar S, Dr. Prashanth Chittaranjan, Dr. Aravindrao.M. Yadwad, Dr. Hema Patil .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 120-125
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.005

With a tremendous growth in e-commerce, digital product presentation (DPP) has gained widespread popularity, due
to the number of advantages offered such as display options, 3D views, video, and audio, etc. The present study
aimed to assess the impact of DPP on consumer buying decisions and satisfaction, along with the challenges faced
by MSMEs in using DPP. This study was conducted a survey of 124 consumers of different products that are
marketed using DPP technology. Moreover, interviews were carried out with five MSMEs marketing representatives
that use DPP for marketing of their products. The results indicated that digital product presentation have a
significant impact on consumer buying decisions and satisfaction due to advantages such as enjoyable shopping
experience, easy availability of product information and a simpler decision-making process.

A framework for integration of digital product presentations for enhancing market share in Indian MSME''''s.

Krishnamurthy KB, Dr. Mohan Kumar S, Dr. Prashanth Chittaranjan, Dr. Aravindrao.M. Yadwad, Dr. Hema Patil

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 126-133

With a tremendous growth in e-commerce, digital product presentation (DPP) has
gained widespread popularity, due to the number of advantages offered such as display options,
3D views, video, and audio, etc. The present study aimed to assess the impact of DPP on
consumer buying decisions and satisfaction, along with the challenges faced by MSMEs in using
DPP. This study was conducted a survey of 124 consumers of different products that are
marketed using DPP technology. Moreover, interviews were carried out with five MSMEs
marketing representatives that use DPP for marketing of their products. The results indicated that digital product presentation have a significant impact on consumer buying decisions and
satisfaction due to advantages such as enjoyable shopping experience, easy availability of
product information and a simpler decision-making process.

Fuzzy Linear Programming Solved via Solving Linear Programming

DR.RAJESHWARA REDDY, .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 134-142
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.007

Engineering design is typically plagued with inaccuracies due to the complexity of many real-world engineering systems. Fuzzy linear programming issues play an important part in fuzzy modelling, which is able to express uncertainty in the real world. Dubois and Prade's LR fuzzy number is one of the most practical themes in recent research, with several useful and simple approximation arithmetic operators on it. Fuzzy vectors occur as a vector of triangular fuzzy integers in various vector calculations. To begin, we are looking for a nonnegative fuzzy vector x in this situation fuzzy numbers. Here, our main scope is finding some nonnegative fuzzy vector ~x in which maximizes the objective function ~ ~ z = c x so that ~ ~ A x = b , where A and ~b are a real matrix and a fuzzy vector respectively, and n c 1× is a real vector too.

The Human Relation With Nature and Technological Nature

Manikumar, Suresh Babu, .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 143-149
DOI: 0.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.008

Two global phenomena are profoundly transforming human existence: the deterioration, if not
complete annihilation, of enormous areas of the natural world, and unprecedented levels of human
population growth. a progression in technical advancement At the intersection of these two tendencies
is lies the nature of technology—technologies that, in many forms, to mediate, enhance, or imitate the
natural environment in many ways Videos are a good illustration of technological nature at the
moment. as well as real-time cameras of nature, robot animals, and immersive experiences Virtual
environments are those that are created in a virtual environment. Does it make a difference in terms of
the physical and mental health? the psychological well-being of the human species as it exists in the
present Is it possible that nature is being supplanted by technological nature? As a result of the We
use the following as the foundation for our tentative response (which is "yes"). Accounts of the
evolutionary and cross-cultural developmental processes of The relationship between humans and
nature, as well as some new psychology studies on the consequences of technological nature Finally,
we explore the issue—as well as some future study directions— "Environmental generational
amnesia," as the term is used. The source of worry is that, by progressively becoming used to the
absence of true nature Humans will get more technologically advanced as time goes on. reduce the
baseline for what qualifies as a crime across generations by full measure of the human condition and
of human potential thriving.

Combinatorial Optimization Using (Integer) Linear Programming and Metaheuristics

DR.RAJESHWARA REDDY .

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 150-163
DOI: 0.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.009

There are a number of different strategies available for dealing with difficult optimization problems.
Two particularly successful methodologies for dealing with combinatorial challenges are
mathematical programming techniques, which include (integer) linear programming-based methods
and metaheuristic approaches. These two organisations were created by different communities that
were more or less isolated from one another. Building hybrids of mathematical programming
techniques and metaheuristics has just recently gained widespread attention from academics, who
have recognised the many advantages and enormous possibilities of doing so. When it comes down to
it, many issues may be dealt with significantly more successfully by using synergy between these
different methodologies than by using "pure" classical algorithms. How mathematical programming
methods and metaheuristics should be coupled to get these benefits is the central question. In the last
several years, a slew of new procedures have been introduced. In this chapter, after providing a brief
introduction to the basics of integer linear programming, we review well-known solutions for such
combinations and divide them into ten different methodological groups.

Internet Use in the Context of Senior School Children' Social Expertise

Ms. Amritpal kaur

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 164-175
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.010

In the twenty-first century, internet usage is pervasive in all aspects of life. The internet's accomplishments in the realm of education are equally noteworthy. Although the internet is preferred for education, excessive nonessential internet use is a source of concern for kids, parents, schools, and communities. Excessive non-essential internet use has been linked by several researchers to a variety of psychiatric illnesses, negative health impacts, declining scholastic attainment, and decreased social skills. A person must have social skills or competences that will enable him to be a better adjusted member of society. This will assist him in maintaining mental health, tranquilly, and success in his life. The purpose of this work is to investigate secondary school students' Internet usage in connection to their social competency. The study's sample consists of 1000 randomly selected secondary school students from Jalandhar's rural and urban districts in equal proportion. The researchers used two self-created and standardised scales to collect data: the Internet Usage Scale by Saini S. and Kaur P. (2017)
and the Social Competence Scale by Sharma and Shukla (1992) Males use the internet much more than females, and urban students use the internet significantly more than rural pupils, according to the findings. Furthermore, the data show that there is a substantial difference in social competency scores between secondary school pupils who use the internet in low, high, and moderate amounts. However, the social competency ratings of students from different subgroups generated by the interaction effect of Internet usage levels, gender, and location show no significant differences. In terms of the association between internet usage and social competency, the two variables were shown to have a strong negative relationship.

Teacher Job Satisfaction: The Importance of School Working Conditions

Dr. Amit Tuteja

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 176-181
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.011

The goal of the study was to look into and examine the influence of work satisfaction and dissatisfaction on women instructors' commitment to teaching. An initial sample of 1000 female elementary school teachers who had worked in their department for more than five years was taken from four districts in Kashmir valley. The final sample was obtained after the original sample was subjected to the Quartile Deviation (Q3) and Q1 techniques. The researchers employed Meena Buddhisagar Rathod and Madhulika Verma's "Teacher's Role Commitment Scale (TRCS)" and Meera Dixit's "Job Satisfaction Scale for Teacher (JSST)" respectively. The
data was statistically treated appropriately, with Mean, Standard Deviation (SD), and a test of significance ("t"- test) being used. Job Satisfied and Dissatisfied women instructors differ considerably on all variables, including the composite score of Role Commitment, according to the data. This evidence indicated the superiority of Job Satisfied instructors in terms of role commitment over Job Dissatisfied teachers.

ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THE CHILDREN WITH VISUAL AND HEARING IMPAIRMENT IN SPECIAL SCHOOLS

Dr. Jaswinder Kaur

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 182-190
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.012

This study aims to look at the academic performance of Special School pupils with visual and hearing impairments. A total of 264 youngsters with visual and hearing impairments were chosen from the Jammu and Kashmir districts of Baramulla and Srinagar for this study. The findings of the study reveal that instructors in special schools assist and encourage children with special needs (CWSN) in their academics. The overall result reveals that their teachers provided the most assistance and support to the CWSN in their academic achievement in special schools.

Interaction with Social Robots: Social Skill Development in Children - An Atypical Study

Dr. Jagvinder Singh

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 191-198
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.013

Chetah's footsteps are being followed by technology, which is speeding forward into the era
of Artificial Intelligence, where robots have become an integral part of many of our daily
activities, acting as peers, facilitators, and assistants. The days when the name 'ROBOT' was
only used to refer to machines used for industrial purposes are long gone, and the time has
come for humanoids to become more like friends. Almost every domain has been invaded by
robots. As it is thought that robots are capable of completing jobs that are beyond human
conception, they are being deployed in the realms of medical care and child care rather than
managing dangerous equipment.

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises - As an Engine of Economic Growth

Dr. Gursimran Kaur

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 199-205
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.014

Building a robust industrial sector is constantly at the top of policymakers' and government officials' minds. Industries not only produce commodities for domestic consumption and export, but they also play a critical role in providing jobs for the country's young. While large industries such as iron and steel, automobiles, and electronic items are discussed when discussing GDP and economic growth, there is a Small Industrial Sector that plays an important role in both product manufacturing and job creation but is hidden from view of economists and policymakers. This is the sector of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises. The MSME industry in India employs about 11 crore people and accounts for roughly 17 percent of the country's GDP. This industry
is widely acknowledged as a significant contributor to GDP and a growth booster. The sector serves as an auxiliary unit to big firms, assisting them in meeting their business requirements and demands, so contributing to the country's socio-economic development and inclusive growth. The current study attempts to focus on the enormous growth potential/development prospects available in India while also examining the performance of MSMEs and the obstacles they encounter.

Insurgency in Northeast India: A Stumbling Block for India’s tie with South East Asia in the Way of Development

Dr. Rajni Bala

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 206-212
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.015

Insurgency is one of the important impediments to India‘s relations with South East Asian
countries in the way of development. India had a good tie with Southeast Asian countries before
the advent of British. The term ‗Indo-China‘ in this region is the glaring example of it. The term
‗Indo-China‘ here does not mean India and China; it represents a particular region in the South
East Asia i.e. Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam because that region was under the influence of India
and China in a certain period of time. This region (South East Asia) is very significant, because
the Indian National Army (INA) was founded on 21 October, 1943mainly by Indian prisoners of
war in Singapore. Then the INA under the leadership of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose attacked
the British with the help of Japanese forces for the liberation of India during the Second World
War period and proceeded up to Kohima, Nagaland. On 14th April, 1944, Col. Shaukat Hayat
Malik , Commanderof Bahadur Group of INA hoisted India‘s national flag (tri-color) on Indian
soil (mainland) first time at Moirang, Manipur with the help of Manipuris like
MairenbamKoireng Singh and others who were the members of INA.

The Relations Between the People of Hills and Plains in the pre-colonial period of Assam with special reference to the Posa system of the Ahom administration

Dr. Harpinder Kaur

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 213-219
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.016

In the pre-colonial period of Assam, Assam was specially ruled by the Ahom rulers.
The Ahom rulers during their long lasted regime of 600 years generally followed an unique
policy of conciliation towards the hill tribes. The kingdom of Assam was bounded on the
northeast and south by hills inhabited by various tribes, each with its distinctive manners.
Customs and languages. As the tracts inhabited by the hill tribes did not yield well enough to
meet their requirements, they used to make inroads into the fertile foothill plains inside the
Ahom territories and sometimes forced the plain people to give their produce and services to
them. The Ahoms, on their part, usually avoided retaliatory expeditions against these tribes,
which were not only expensive but unpredictably hazardous. Of course, in order to put a stop
to the inroads of the hill people to the bordering territories the Ahom Government either gave
them fertile lands at the foot of their hills called khats along with access to certain fisheries in
the plains or the payment of a stipulated amount called posa consisting of such articls as rice,
cloth, cattle etc to be collected from a class of paiks called bahatiyas assigned to them or the
privilege of having commercial transactions with the plains. In return for this, they were to
acknowledge the suzerainty of the Ahom King and pay him ans annual tribute consisting of
the articles produced in their respective hill areas.

BODY IMAGE AND SELF ESTEEM AMONG COLLEGE GOING GIRLS

Ms. Amritpal Kaur

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 220-226
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.017

The present study was carried out to examine the role of body image as a predictor of self esteem among college going girls. For this purpose, the data were collected from 127 girls studying in the government colleges affiliated with University of Jammu. Pearson product moment of correlation and simple linear regression was used for statistical analyses of the data. Significant and positive relationship came out between perception of body image and self esteem. Overall model summary and regression coefficients revealed body shape is a significant predictor of self esteem in college going girls. The model came out to be significant at 0.01 level. The result of the study indicates that perception of body image is one of the important factors related to self esteem among college going girls.

SPORTS BY CHOICE OR BY SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS

Dr. Jaswinder Singh Rattan

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 227-230
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.018

The aim of the present study is to examine the effect of socio-economic status on sports performance of wrestling players of Haryana State. A sample of 100 Wrestles is selected for the investigation. Socio-economic status of players was measured with the use of the socio-economic status scale prepared by R.L Bharadwaj (1983). The sports performance scale was prepared by researcher herself according to player’s highest achievement in competition at different levels. Findings of the study show that there is a positive significant effect of socio economic status on sports performance of wrestlers of Haryana State.

Structural Integration Yoga and Training Methods are taught in the Anatomy

Dr. Ravi Kumar

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 231-242
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.019

It started in the past, when elders taught the young ones important information and abilities
for their social structure. Physical activity and exercise on a regular basis can help you stay
healthy, active, and independent as you age. Exercise is essential in preventing health
problems such as heart disease and stroke. Many studies have demonstrated the health
advantages of regular exercise. This report examines the evidence regarding the health
benefits of exercise across the board. Physical activity and exercise can help to lower stress
and anxiety, enhance happy neurotransmitters, promote self-confidence, boost brain function,
improve memory, and strengthen our muscles and bones. It also aids in the prevention and
treatment of heart disease, obesity, blood sugar swings, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.

Adolescent Self-Compassion Moderates the Relationship between Perceived Stress and Internalizing Symptoms

Ms. Kanwaljit Kaur

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 243-251
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.020

Students have often associated high-level assessments with stress, fear and confusion, mainly for two reasons — firstly, the approach to board exams, which leads to pressure to do well academically to ensure admission to higher education. Second, because of the inevitable decision to choose a career path that may determine their destiny. During such stressful times, the ability to look out for one's own interests and to care for oneself is expected to play a significant role in determining one's well-being. Gilbert (2005) suggests that self-pity
improves well-being because it helps people to feel cared for, connected, and emotionally empathetic. Compassion involves caring for oneself and empathy when faced with perceived difficulties or failures (KornWeld, 1993); Hanh, 1997; Salzberg, 1997; Bennett-Goleman, 2001; Brach, 2003). Therefore, it would be interesting to find out if students who get high marks in self-pity are actually able to cope better with stress and are higher in job aspirations. This study also looked at examining the differences in self-pity, perceived stress and job aspirations among 12th graders. A sample of 120 students, 60 scientists and 60 humanities, (including
30 men and 30 women from each faculty.), Was taken and the differences between the two groups were analyzed using a t-test. The difference is seen in the light of gender and intellect - science and humanity, in the context of current research. The results of the study suggested that empathy is closely related to perceived stress and is closely related to educational aspirations. The effects and impacts were also discussed in detail.

A Comparative Study of Job Satisfaction and Attitude towards Education among Male and Female Teachers

Dr. Mamta Roy

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 252-256
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.021

The purpose of this study was to discover and compare the attitudes of job-satisfied and job-dissatisfied female instructors regarding teaching. An initial sample of 1000 female elementary school teachers who had worked in their department for more than five years was taken from four districts in Kashmir valley. The final sample was obtained after the original sample was subjected to the Quartile Deviation (Q3) and Q1 techniques. UmmeKulsum's "Attitude towards Teaching Profession Scale(ASTTP)" and Meera Dixit's "Job Satisfaction Scale for Teacher (JSST)" were employed by the researchers. The data was statistically treated appropriately,
with Mean, Standard Deviation (SD), and a test of significance ("t"-test) being used. The findings demonstrated that Job Satisfied and Dissatisfied women instructors differed considerably in their attitudes toward teaching, with Job Satisfied women teachers having a better attitude toward teaching than Job Dissatisfied women
teachers.

Design and Evaluation of a Healthcare Management Terminology Mobile Learning Application

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 257-266
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2019.25.01.022

The EZ-HCM App, a mobile learning tool for healthcare management terminology, is being developed in this project. We created a questionnaire using a five-point Likert scale based on the technology acceptance model (TAM) to explore students'''''''''''''''' impressions of the utility, ease of use, attitude toward usage, and intention to use the EZ-HCM App. Between July 2016 and June 2017, research participants were university students from Taiwan''''''''''''''''s fourth biggest Department of Health Care Management. To understand students'''''''''''''''' design needs for a healthcare management terminology translation dictionary and explanation, we use the persona technique. Following the development of the EZ-HCM App, 113 students from the department were asked to take part in pre- and post-testing surveys, as well as the EZ-HCM App Acceptance Questionnaire. There were seventy valid surveys returned. The findings revealed that the EZ-HCM App is widely accepted for its utility (mean=4.40, SD=0.46), ease of use (mean=4.49, SD=0.48), attitude toward usage (mean=4.42, SD=0.49), and intention to use (mean=4.15, SD=0.58). Participants'''''''''''''''' perceptions of the EZ-HCM App''''''''''''''''s usefulness and simplicity of use do not alter based on their frequency of smartphone use. The EZ-HCM App''''''''''''''''s acceptability is similar to that of other m-learning systems, with favourable attitudes toward usage (β =0.77, p.0001; β =0.47, p=.0002) and intention to use (β =0.87, p.0001; β =0.98, p.0001) among participating students.

An Identifying the Modelling and Forecasting of air quality index using Machine Learning algorithm

B.MadhavRao, V.Pranav, V.JayaManasa, Ch. Mydhilli, Ramesh Neelapu

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2019, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 267-277

In view of the powerful nature, instability, and extraordinary eccentricism in overall setting of
poisons and particles, foreseeing air quality is a troublesome endeavor. Simultaneously, because
of the essential effect of air contamination on people's wellbeing and the climate, the capacity to
demonstrate, anticipate, and screen air quality is turning out to be progressively significant,
especially in metropolitan regions. In this review, we use support vector relapse (SVR), a typical
AI strategy, to expect toxin and particulate levels and anticipate the air quality file (AQI). The
spiral premise work (RBF) was the kind of bit that permitted SVR to make the most reliable
forecasts out of the multitude of options considered. Utilizing the whole assortment of accessible
factors ended up being a more viable technique than utilizing head part examination to pick
qualities. The outcomes show that utilizing SVR with the RBF portion, we can dependably gauge
hourly toxin fixations, for example, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, groundlevel
ozone, and particulate matter 2.5, just as the hourly AQI for California. On concealed
approval information, characterization into six AQI classifications characterized by the US
Environmental Protection Agency was finished with an exactness of 94.1 percent.