Print ISSN: 2204-1990

Online ISSN: 1323-6903

Volume 26, Issue 3

Volume 26, Issue 3, Summer and Autumn 2020

Comparative Study of Different 2D Roof Truss Design

L Mounika, p mounika

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 1-3
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.001

For decades, the construction industry has relied on structural steel, a resilient material that can be moulded into any shape requested to achieve a project's final and attractive look. In addition to Type, Pratt, Howe and Warren types of steel trusses, there are many additional options available. They are also available in a variety of sections, such as tubular, square, and rectangular hollow. The Warren type, the Howe type, and other truss types are examined side by side in this work. There have been no delays in the building of Pratt and K-type trusses with a 36-meter span and varied heights. Rather of using solid pieces, hollow components are employed in their place. Some of the parts that are commonplace Stad pro v8i software is utilised to conduct the research. According to the results of this comparison, it will be established that the most cost-effective steel truss structures are those with the lowest prices and lightest weight

Experimental and analytical investigation of ferrocement water pipe

N.KRANTHI KUMAR, A thukkaiah

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 4-12
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.002

Ferrocement is kind of reinforcing concrete. It generally comprised of hydraulic cement mortar reinforced with closely spaced layers of continuous and very tiny size wire mesh. The mesh may be composed of metallic or other appropriate materials (Blake, 2001). (Blake, 2001). It is cheap cost, robust, weather-resistance, lightweight and notably its adaptability compared to the reinforced concrete (Ali, 1995). (Ali, 1995). Robles-Austriaco et al. (1981) revealed that ferrocement is an effective material for home building. Also Al-Kubaisy and Jumaat (2000) explored the feasibility of utilizing ferrocement cover in the stress zone of reinforced concrete slab. This material is also utilized in mending the reinforcing element such as beams, slabs or walls (Fahmy et al. 1997; Elavenil and Chandrasekar, 2007; Jumaat, 2006). (Fahmy et al. 1997; Elavenil and Chandrasekar, 2007; Jumaat, 2006). Mourad and Shang (2012) employed ferrocement jacket in restoring reinforced concrete column



Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 13-19
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.003

Most of the structures in civil Engineering, after 50 years old, meet the current safety standards or have excessive cracks. Steel corrosion may also cause the occurrence of high deflection or instability of the structure itself. It is generally manifested by poor performance under service loading in the form of excessive deflections or cracking. The introduction about 34 years ago of composite materials in the field of Civil Engineering allows other strengthening orrepair of reinforced concrete structures by bonding composite carbon fiber fabrics (Abdul Wahab, 1989; ACI, 2000; Chris, 2007). Carbon fiber materials have many advantages (Ivanova, 2013): their weight, flexibility, implementation easier and also their physicochemical properties (corrosion) interesting. This technical of strengthening compensate the loss of rigidity and resistance to cracking due to the strengthening and improving performance and durability of structures.Corbel is one important element of structureto support the pre-cast structural system such as pre-cast beam and pre-stressed beam (Anis, 2012 and Rejane, 2005). The corbel is cast monolithic with the column element or wall element. It is interesting to study the local mechanical behavior of this very short element of the structure using carbon fiber materials (Mohammed, 2005; Futtuhi, 1987; Gampione, 2005; Erfan, 2010). This paper is mainly interested in the study of three types of reinforcement: by bonded carbon fiber fabrics, wrapping of carbon fabrics and by bonding plate in shear area, under flexural bending. Local deformation using strain gauges to measure strains in the steel, concrete and carbon fiber sheets of strengthened reinforced concrete short-corbel, is also investigated. In this investigation, deformations, cracking modes and collapse mechanism are studied.

Experimental and theoretical studies of sandwich beams made of steel, concrete, and steel have shown interesting results

deepika shivakoti, KUMAR G VINOD

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 20-27
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.004

Steel plates are subjected to axial and shear stresses to test theories of full and partial contact. Stud connections and frictional forces between steel plates and concrete at both the supports and load sites are included in the partial interaction research. Based on the partial interaction theory, the results of DSC beam testing are compared to the theoretical predictions. According to the findings, a theoretical approach may be used confidently to analyse fundamentally supported DSC beams of any shape. Various building techniques are described by terminology like "sandwich beams," "double skin composite structure," and "shear connections."

Extreme Burden Conduct Of Steel Shafts With Web Openings


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 28-40
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.005

The paper also includes an examination of the ultimate load behavior of steel beams having web holes. ISMB 100 hot rolled steel beams with web holes have seen a great deal of testing. Because of this, there was a concentrated load placed on the center of the beams' span. Research on the failure of these particular beams was comprehensive in order to determine the optimal ratio of aperture span to diameter. Conventional finite-element analysis software, such as ANSYS, was used to study all the beams and the findings were compared to those acquired via test.There is a direct correlation between opening size and carrying capacity, according to the testing findings. The simulation and experiment findings are in excellent accord. In the parametric analysis, the ideal placement for the web opening is in the center two-thirds of the span

Finite Detail Modeling Of Metallic Concrete Beam Thinking About Double Composite Movement


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 41-55
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.006

Steel concrete composite production has gained huge popularity as an opportunity to natural metallic or concrete creation. Ansys 11 laptop program has been used to increase a 3-dimensional nonlinear finite detail model in order to analyze the fracture behaviors of non-stop double steel-concrete composite beams, with emphasis on the beam slab interface. 3 beam fashions with various quantity of the pinnacle studs have been addressed. The related constitutive outcomes consisting of the remaining hundreds, the most deflections, the interface slip and slip strain values are supplied. A parametric look at has been completed so as to research the effect of some parameters on their fracture abilities, such as metallic beam top, lower slab thickness and period, studs diameter and arrangement technique. Through comparing these consequences with the to be had experimental records, the proposed version is discovered to be capable of reading steel-concrete composite beams to a suitable accuracy

Cold-formed steel section building design


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 56-69
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.007

A relatively recent idea in India, cold formed steel sections are widely employed in industrial and non-industrial projects across the globe. In the 1990s, when the Indian economy opened up and a number of multi-nationals built up green-field projects, these ideas were brought to the Indian market. Local marketing agents and licenced builders have helped Global Cold formed steel create a footprint in India. There is no need to worry about compatibility issues since the whole building package is provided by a single vendor. There are several advantages to using the Cold formed construction technology, such as this: Because only bolted connections are employed, a structure may be dismantled, stored, or relocated to a new place and reassembled when no longer required. The stiff structure is sturdy despite the lack of field riveting or welding. The project may be completed in a shorter amount of time thanks to the use of a Cold formed system. In this study, an in-depth investigation of a cold-formed industrial building is conducted. Parametric investigations are taken into consideration as well. Hot Roll steel Industrial building and Cold formed Industrial building have been compared and a conclusion produced

Flood Mitigation and River Pamba in Kerala– Insights and Measures with Special Reference to Thottappally


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 70-76
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.008

Pathanamthitta and Alleppey districts in Kerala are enriched by the cultural and historical importance of the Pamba River. The rice bowl of Kerala, Kuttanad, relies on this river to meet the state's needs. The Pampa River caused devastation in and around Thottappally and the surrounding areas during the floods of 2018. The Thottappally spillway connects the Vembanad Lake to the Arabian Sea in a two-way exchange. The Kuttanad region and Thottappally have historically been on the receiving end of both seasonal and unseasonal rainfall. Despite this, though, Proper systems and methods must be in place in view of these considerations In addition, the ability to deal with an increase in inflows is critical. Flooding at Thottappally has caused a number of problems, and this article examines those difficulties and provides recommendations for preventing further losses

Supply of Potable Water in Kuttanad and Regulation of Water Salinity

N.KRANTHI KUMAR, p mounika

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 77-83
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.009

The Thanneermukkam bund has various problems, including water pollution and the spread of submerged aquatic plants like sea weeds, which were erected to ease the salty concerns faced by Kuttanad's farmers. Thanneermukkam Bund's principal objective is to lessen the salinity level of Vembanad Lake during the summer season, which is the period of the check (TMB). The problem can be fixed easily if the following guidelines are followed. A controller transports Muvattupuzha River water to the Kuttanad area where it is diluted and maintained at 2ppt salinity; in times of severe shortage, water is collected in the pazhnilam and sent to Lake Girding through a pump. Kuttanad's colourful operating techniques and controller design are also thrown about as a way to execute the concept. A plan to use Kuttanad's volume and saltiness of the natural water system is under consideration.Kuttanad, salinity, and add-ons are some of the terms in this section.

Green and Sturdy Lightweight Total Cement The Job of Waste and Reused Materials


Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 84-96
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2021.26.03.010

Lightweight aggregate concrete manufactured from solid waste or recycled byproducts is a hot new issue in construction and building materials. Making Portland cement using this additive offers significant advantages in terms of lowering the impact on the environment and decreasing the amount of natural resources used in the production process.”This article discusses the use of agricultural and industrial wastes as cementitious materials or artificial lightweight aggregate concrete. Advanced microstructure characterization methods and mechanical properties were also examined. Future research will evaluate if it is possible to improve lightweight aggregate concrete manufactured from recovered solid waste and by-products in order to solve environmental issues or boost environmental advantages


G Harika, Dr. J Rajaram, S Raju, E Muralidhar Reddy

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 97-101
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.011

Software-Defined Networking (SDN) provides network-wide access to programmers and direct control from a theoretically centralized controller over the underlying switches. SDN proposes a positive path for the Internet to grow in the future. However, SDN has several modern protection problems as well. How to develop a stable firewall programme for SDN is a vital task for them. Since the stateless property of the Open Flow-based SDN firewall lacks audit and monitoring mechanisms, current SDN firewall implementations may also be easily bypassed by rewriting the switch flow entries. Focusing on this hazard, by testing flow space and firewall authorization space, we implemented a novel approach for dispute detection and resolution in Open Flow focused firewalls. Unlike Fortnum, based on the whole flow paths inside an Open Flow network, our method will verify the contradictions between the firewall rules and flow policies. Finally, for flow tables and firewall guidelines, we introduced intra-table dependency testing

Functional Architecture of integrated framework for Facet-based Data Collection and Analysis

Anthoti Raju, E Muralidhar Reddy, D Navya, S Raju

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 102-105

We present in this paper an integrated framework for collection and analysis of Facet-based text data. The integrated framework consists of four components: (1) user interface, (2) web crawler, (3) data analyzer, and (4) database (DB). User interface is used to set input Facet and option values for web crawling and text data analysis using a graphical user interface (GUI). In fact, it offers outcomes of research by data visualization. The web crawler collects text data from articles posted on the web based on input Facets. The data analyzer classifies papers in "relevant articles" (i.e., word sets to be included on such posts) and "nonrelevant articles" with predefined information. It then analyzes the text data of the relevant articles and visualizes the results of the data analysis. Ultimately, the DB holds the generated text information, the predefined user-defined expertise and the outcomes of data analysis and data visualization. We verify the feasibility of an integrated framework by means of proof of concept (PoC) prototyping. The experimental results show that the implemented prototype reliably collects and analyzes the text data of the articles.


Dr. J Rajaram, D Navya, E Krishna, G Harika

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 106-112
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.013

This Paper introduces the implementation of different supervised learning techniques for producing accurate estimates of ground water, including meteorological and remotely sensed data. The models thus developed can be extended to be used by the personal remote sensing systems developed in the Center for Self-Organizing Intelligent Systems (CSOIS). To analyze these data and to extract relevant features, such as essential climate variables (ECV), specific methodologies need to be exploited.. The new algorithm enhances the temporal resolution of high spatial resolution of soil moisture observations with good quality and can benefit multiple soil moisture-based applications and research


E Muralidhar Reddy, S Raju, Anthoti Raju, Dr. J Rajaram

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 113-128
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.014

Human improvement confirmation fuses mentioning times strategy information, assessed at inertial sensors, for example, accelerometers or whirligigs, into one of pre-portrayed works out. Beginning late, convolution neural system (CNN) has created itself as a surprising methodology for human improvement attestation, where convolution and pooling tasks are applied along the transient part of sensor signals. In the majority of existing work, 1D convolution development is applied to individual univariate time plan, while multi-sensors or multi-framework yield multivariate time game- plan. 2D convolution and pooling assignments are applied to multivariate time game-plan, so as to draw nearby reliance along both normal and spatial zones for uni-specific information, so it accomplishes predominant with less number of parameters stood apart from 1D activity. At  any rate for multi-estimated information existing CNNs with 2D development handle various modalities similarly, which cause impedances between attributes from various modalities. In this paper, we present CNNs (CNN-pf and CNN-pff), particularly CNN-pff, for multi-separated information. We utilize both halfway weight sharing and full weight sharing for our CNN models with the objective that method express attributes likewise as common qualities crosswise over modalities are found from multi-detached (or multi-sensor) information and are unavoidably assembled in upper layers. Primers on benchmark datasets show the world class of our CNN models, stood apart from condition of enunciations of the human experience frameworks.


S Raju, E Krishna, G Harika, E Krishna

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 129-133
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.015

The key purpose of this paper is to provide an unbiased assessment of different systems appropriate for vast processing of facts. Numerous technological systems available for broad knowledge analytics are analysed in this paper and comprehensive reviews are addressed on their strengths and limitations. Similarly, a broad collection of guidelines for adapting knowledge mining for massive statistical research was addressed wart its suitability to cope with actual-global computing problems. Through the successful introduction of these well developed and commonly utilized knowledge mining algorithms, the destiny patterns of big information processing and analysis can be anticipated to focus on the strengths of the technological frameworks and platforms available. Hybrid strategies (integration of or broader structures) can be best adapted for a chosen knowledge mining algorithm which can be well adaptable and can be processed in real time. Keywords huge facts; mass data analytics; cloud computing; mining statistics; computer research; systems of large facts

Classification of Blood Cell Types Using CNN

D Navya, E Krishna, Dr. J Rajaram, S Raju

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 134-139
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.016

White blood cells, commonly referred to as leukocytes, play a critical part in human immunity development and maintenance. Classifying White Blood Cells plays a critical function in diagnosing sickness in a person. Using the classification, disorders including infections, allergies, anaemia, leukaemia, cancer, and the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which are caused by aberrations in the immune system, may be more accurately identified and treated as a result. To help haematologists identify the kind of White Blood Cells present in the human body and uncover the root cause of disorders, this categorization is necessary. There is now a lot of study being done in this area. A deep learning technology called Convolution Neural Networks (CNN) will be used to classify WBC pictures into four subtypes, namely neutrophil, eosinophil, lymphocyte, and monocyte, since classifying WBCs has enormous potential. In this work, we'll present the results of a number of experiments on the Blood Cell Classification and Detection (BCCD) dataset, which we used to train CNNs

Implement of Smart Health Care Monitoring System using Mobile IoT and Cloud Computing Technologies

Dr. J Rajaram, D Navya, E Krishna, G Harika

Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 140-145
DOI: 10.47750/cibg.2020.26.03.017

Recently, many research works were interested in combining cloud computing and IoT to design systems for smart health care. Many authors have highlighted the benefits of using cloud computing with IoT and proposed a cloud infrastructure to extend the limited resources of the sensors and to facilitate the management of the sensor-centric applications in many domains. However, about MCIoT convergence, there are fewer research works. One of the projects is about a developed platform based on MCIoT where sensors can interact with a mobile device which has access to the cloud via Internet using Bluetooth. Based on restful web services, the framework is feasible on resource constrained devices.  Our work aims basically to come up with a general service architecture for smart healthcare monitoring application, that combines the features of mobile devices, sensors, and cloud computing to offer to the user the enhanced services that are accessible anywhere while guaranteeing scalability and security. Our general service architecture to build a network for health care applications that generated data is stored in the cloud our mobile application will show the accurate results on user dashboard of their smartphones.