Document Type : Research Article


1 Academy of Islamic Civilisation, Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia

2 Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies,Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Melaka, Malaysia


Malaysia is a known for its high level of sensitivity in the halal and haram aspects. Its status as an international halal hub reflects the sustainable halal ecosystem in the country, supported by the sensitivities of the government, industry and consumers. Unfortunately, there are irresponsible parties who make halal food a medium of crime. Thus, various food crime issues rise such as food crime, food fraud, food adulteration, food terrorism and cases that cover it. Accordingly, the objective of this article is to target the analysis of food crime issues in Malaysia, focusing on the issue of illegal meat cartels. In addition, various causative factors have been put forward, as well as modern technological alternatives as practical solutions. Data were analysed in a qualitative approach, in which data were collected through document analysis from various primary and secondary sources. As a result, the issue of illegal cartel meat has betrayed all consumers in Malaysia. The government needs to empower halal control in the country, including making practical use of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 era technology.


Main Subjects

  1. Abd Razak et al (2020), The Potential of Food Terrorism Towards Halal Ecosystem, Food Research 4 (Suppl. 1), 1 - 11
  2. Sinar Harian (2020), Kartel Tukar Daging Haram Jadi Halal,
  3. Alan Reilly (2018), Food Fraud: Understanding The Impact of Food Fraud in Asia, The Real Case of Fake Food, Food Industry Asia.
  4. Al-Mawardi (1989), Al-Ahkam Al-Sultaniyyah Wa Al-Wilayat Al-Deeniyyah, Kuwit: Maktabah Dar Ibn Qutaibah.
  5. Awal Fuseini et al (2017), Halal Meat Fraud and Safety Issues in the UK: a Review in the Context of the European Union, Food ethics, 1: 127-142.
  6. Che Wan Jasimah Wan Mohamed Radzi (2011), Konsep Kesihatan Melalui Pemakanan: Pendekatan Islam Dan Sains, Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publication.
  7. Chris Elliot (2014), Elliott Review Into The Integrity And Assurance Of Food Supply Networks – Final Report, A national food crime prevention framework, HM Government, London, 45,
  8. Food Safety News (2019), More Than 1000 Reports Of Food Crime Last Year, retrieved on 16 December 2020,
  9. Food Standards Agency England (FSA) and Food Standards Scotland (FSS) (2016), Food crime: Annual strategic assessment- A 2016 baseline,
  10. Gerard McElwee et al, (2017). Illegal Activity in The UK Halal (Sheep) Supply Chain: Towards Greater Understanding, Food Policy 69, 166–175.
  11. Hole, Y., & Snehal, P. & Bhaskar, M. (2018). Service marketing and quality strategies. Periodicals of engineering and natural sciences,6 (1), 182-196.
  12. Hole, Y., & Snehal, P. & Bhaskar, M. (2019). Porter's five forces model: gives you a competitive advantage. Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control System, 11 (4), 1436-1448.
  13. John Spink et al (2011), Defining the Public Health Threat of Food Fraud. Journal of Food Science, 76 (9), 157-163.
  14. Karen Everstine et al (2013), Economically Motivated Adulteration (Ema) Of Food: Common Characteristics of EMA Incidents, Journal of Food Protection, 76 (4), 723-735.
  15. Li Oon Chuah et al (2016), Mislabelling of Beef and Poultry Products Sold in Malaysia, Food Control, 62, 157–164.
  16. Louise Manning (2016), Developing an Organizational Typology of Criminals in The Meat Supply Chain. Food Policy, 59: 44–54.
  17. Malaysia Kini (2020), Isu Daging Seludup Dalam Siasatan, Jakim Nasihat Jangan Ulas,
  18. Mohd Salim Bin Dulatti et al (2019), Makanan Tiruan: Terjaminkah Keselamatan Makanan Di Malaysia, Kertas Kerja Seminar Kefahaman Islam Mengenai Makanan Sunnah Dan Makanan Moden, 1-17.
  19. Mohd Zaid Daud et al (2017), Pemantauan dan penguatkuasaan halal terhadap produk import oleh JAKIM, Proceedings 2nd International Islamic Heritage Conference (ISHEC 2017), Akademi Pengajian Islam Kontemporari, UiTM cawangan Melaka, 527-545.
  20. Mustafa ‘Afifi Ab Halim, Mohd Mahyeddin Mohd Salleh (2018), Peranan Jakim Dan Jain Dalam Kes Yang Melibatkan Penyalahgunaan Label Halal Pada Produk Makanan, Malaysian Journal of Syariah and Law, vol. 7, 51-60.
  21. Nurul Atikah Poniran, Anwar Fakhri Omar (2018,) Kajian Literatur: Isu Dan Cabaran Pengurusan Makanan Di Malaysia, At-Tahkim, vol. 8, no. 20, 1-10.
  22. Rebecca K. Davidson (2017), From Food Defence To Food Supply Chain Integrity, British Food Journal, vol. 119, no. 1, 52-66
  23. Sarah Dina Mohd Adnan, Mohd Adib Ismail (2013), Impak Rasuah Kepada Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, Prosiding Perkem VIII, vol. 1, 246 – 253.
  24. Shih Yeh Lim et al (2018), Detection of Fresh Palm Oil Adulteration with Recycled Cooking Oil Using Fatty Acid Composition and FTIR Spectral Analysis, International Journal of Food Properties, vol. 21, no. 1, 2428–2451.