Document Type : Research Article


1 MPhil English, Qurtuba University, Dera Ismail Khan

2 PhD Scholar, Department of English, Qurtuba University Peshawar

3 University of Science and Technology Bannu, KP, Pakistan

4 Elementary and Secondary Education, Department, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Peshawar


This paper explores the elements of naturalism in Hardy’s The Mayor of Casterbridge (2004)
from Emile Zola’s dimension of naturalism. The major issue of the paper is that hereditary and
environment control human’s actions. It also investigates how these two elements change our
destiny and course of life. Emile Zola’s ideas have been used as tools for collecting data in this
qualitative study. The paper found out that person’s own actions are not totally responsible for
his failure, however human nature has significant role in changing their life too. Besides, the
paper observes that nature, however unseen, dominates over all aspects of human life. The paper
opens up the new ways of knowledge in the mainstream studies.