Impact of Covid-19 On Sustainable Development Goals of Pakistan
Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government,
2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 2252-2260
AbstractHumanity is threatened by COVID-19 since 2019 with severe impact on human economic, social and environmental activities. The spread of pandemic is responsible for creating uncertainty and challenges for developing countries like Pakistan to achieve united nations sustainable development goals. It has a severe impact on every sector of country like tourism, trade, production, health and supply. This study focuses on exploring the impact of COVID-19 on sustainable goals of Pakistan and strategies adopted to cope with this pandemic. SDGs provides guidelines, targets and implementation and financing strategies globally. By having systematic review of already published research articles from various databases were helpful in formulating recommendations to combat the impact of COVID-19 on attaining sustainable development goals. On the basis of available literature and systematic review it is concluded that Covid-19 pandemic has severely affected nations globally economically, socio economically emotionally and had severe impact on achieving sustainable development goals. Factors that create hurdles in achieving sustainable development goals in Pakistan are decline in international trade, decrease in remittances inflow, termination of daily wages jobs, labor immobility in lockdown, decline in production level, supply chain discontinuation, decline in exports and foreign direct investment, projects etc. Several measures were also suggested in light of literature to mitigate the economic impact. This study would be an initiative for future sustainable progress in Pakistan and helpful for developing and implementing strategies and policies so as to combat the severe intensity of COVID-19 that delays the attainment of sustainable development goals in Pakistan.
- Bank, W. (2020). Nepal Development Update, July 2020: Post-Pandemic Nepal–Charting a Resilient Recovery and Future Growth Directions: World Bank.
- Chu, D. K., Akl, E. A., Duda, S., Solo, K., Yaacoub, S., Schünemann, H. J., . . . Loeb, M. (2020). Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The lancet, 395(10242), 1973-1987.
- Islam, M., Jannat, A., Al Rafi, D. A., & Aruga, K. (2020). Potential Economic Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on South Asian Economies: A Review. World, 1(3), 283-299.
- Khan, A. M., Jamshaid, A., & Ramzan, A. (2019). Educators, As Agents of Sustainable Development in Pakistan. Journal of Educational Research, 22(2), 1-14.
- Khatun, F. (2020). Tackling the economic fallout of COVID-19. The Daily Star, 16.
- Kopnina, H. (2012). Education for sustainable development (ESD): the turn away from ‘environment’in environmental education? Environmental Education Research, 18(5), 699-717.
- Malik, S., & Rehmat, A. (2020). Pandemic, Economy and Response Mechanism: An overview.
- Ranasinghe, R., Damunupola, A., Wijesundara, S., Karunarathna, C., Nawarathna, D., Gamage, S., . . . Idroos, A. A. (2020). Tourism after corona: Impacts of COVID 19 pandemic and way forward for tourism, hotel and mice industry in Sri Lanka. Hotel and Mice Industry in Sri Lanka (April 22, 2020).
- Susantono, B., Sawada, Y., & Park, C.-Y. (2020). Navigating COVID-19 in Asia and the Pacific: Asian Development Bank.
- sviluppo, C. m. p. l. a. e. l., Brundtland-kommissionen, Desarrollo, C. M. d. M. A. y. d., Assembly, U. N. G., WCED., Entwicklung, W. f. U. u., . . . Brundtland, G. H. (1987). Our common future: Peterson's.
- Ullah, A., Pinglu, C., Ullah, S., Abbas, H. S. M., & Khan, S. (2020). The Role of E-Governance in Combating COVID-19 and Promoting Sustainable Development: A Comparative Study of China and Pakistan. Chinese Political Science Review, 1-33.
- Unesco. (2002). Education for sustainability from Rio to Johannesburg: Lessons learnt from a decade of commitment: Unesco Paris.
- Retrieved from: https://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/environment/5-important-measures-for-sustainable-development/9912
- Retrieved from: Pakistan's challenges: Sustainable Development Goals 2015-2030 - Pakistan - DAWN.COM
- Retrieved from: Sustainable development goals (SDGs) and Pakistan - Daily Times
- Retrieved from:17 GOALS | SDGs UNDP (punjab.gov.pk)
- Retrieved from: Sustainable Development Goals | United Nations in Pakistan
- Retrieved from:https://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/covid19/Pakistan%20-%20COVID-19%20Socio-economic%20Impact%20Assess.
- Article View: 248
- PDF Download: 239