Document Type : Research Article


1 Faculty of Culture and Arts, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv

2 Faculty of History and Theory of Arts, Lviv National Academy of Arts

3 Faculty of Design, Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design

4 Department of Postgraduate Studies, Lviv National Academy of Arts

5 Faculty of Fine Arts and Restoration, Lviv National Academy of Arts


As a higher form of mastering the world following the laws of beauty, the best works of the
European art do not just bring in some aesthetic pleasure but also help to understand (and create)
the beautiful. In this research, using comparative, typological, descriptive, visual, philosophical,
theological, and artistic analysis methods an analysis of the selected pieces, from the ancient
times till present was made. It was traced that the ideal of beauty and harmony largely depended
on the peculiarities of each historical period. Development of spiritual culture of the European
continent nations underwent many stages: from primitive art through the ancient times and till
modernism. In each period fixed rules and norms shaped up the ideal of beauty and harmony,
which can be understood only through immersing into a certain epoch via analysis and study of a
specific piece of art. Scientific novelty of the results obtained lies in the fact that materials about
the ideal of beauty and harmony in the aesthetics of the European art are added to art criticism as
universal general human values. The ideal of beauty and harmony over the whole historical
period, as exemplified by preserved monuments, can be traced in all art forms, in particular, in
sacral art.