Brexit’s Impacts on The Arabian Gulf
Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government,
2021, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 128-136
AbstractThis study aims to highlight the most prominent effects of Brexit on the Britain-GCC countries’ relationship, by investigating the developments that occurred in the security and economic aspects after the referendum’s outcome in 2016 and drawing the future of this relationship. In addition, it is important to track the evidence that indicates Britain's return to the region as one of the important alternatives to compensate for its expected losses after Brexit. This study examines that Britain would play an important role in the economy and security of the GCC countries and in return, the GCC countries will help Britain to reduce the expected economic losses following the Brexit by using their sovereign funds to invest in the United Kingdom. It can be inferred that the future relationship between the two parties should be a “win, win” technique by activating their partnership and reducing barriers in order to reach free trade agreements.
- Al Saidi, M. (2020) From Economic to Extrinsic Values of Sustainable Energy: Prestige, Neo-Rentierism, and Geopolitics of the Energy Transition in the Arabian Peninsula. Energies, 13 (3) pp 5545-5557, Available at: doi:10.3390/en13215545
- Arabian Business (2018) New UK Government Office in Dubai could Fund UAE Projects Worth $12bn. Retrieved: 19 November 2020 from <https://www.arabianbusiness.com/politics-economics/392965-new-uk-govt-office-in-dubai-could-fund-uae-projects-worth-12bn.>
- Belbagi, Z (2019) Brexit and the GCC. Arab News. Retrieved: 28 September 2020 from <https://www.arabnews.com/node/1524766>.
- Bertoncini, Y., & Koenig, N. (2015) “Euroscepticism Or Europhobia : Voice Vs. Exit?” Notre Europe. London.
- Borea, P (2019) “The Brexit Dilemma”: Hard, Mild or Soft Exit? The Possible Impact of Post Brexit on EU-GCC and UK-GCC relations”. Workshop on Post-Brexit Britain, Europe and Policy towards Iran and the GCC states: Potential Challenges, and the Possibility of Cooperation, Gulf Research Center. London.
- Bove, V. (2018) How Countries Use the Weapons Trade to Secure Access to Oil. The Independent. Retrieved: 19 December 2020 from <https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/arms-trade-oil-prices-war-conflict-international-relations-a8341276.html>
- Euronews, (2020) Will Brexit boost UK and GCC trade relations? Retrieved: 29 September 2020 from <https://www.euronews.com/2020/02/21/will-brexit-boost-uk-and-gcc-trade-relations>.
- Forces, (2019). UK Signs 'Historic' Defense Agreement with Oman. Retrieved: 28 September 2020 from <https://www.forces.net/news/world/uk-signs-historic-defence-agreement-oman>.
- Galeeva, D (2019). ‘Global Britain’ May Lead to Blossoming of UK-GCC ties. Retrieved: 28 September 2020 from <https://www.arabnews.com/node/1600316>.
- Harris, P. (2017) What does Brexit mean for the Arab gulf states? IndraStra Global, 7 (3) pp 13-15.
- Hussein, J (2014) The Oil Resources of the GCC States. Middle East Monitor. Retrieved: 28 September 2020 from <https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20140623-the-oil-resources-of-the-gcc-states/>.
- Kinninmont, J (2016) A Post-Brexit Britain Would Double Down on Middle East Alliances. Chatham House. Retrieved: 28 September 2020 from <https://www.chathamhouse.org/expert/comment/post-brexit-britain-would-double-down-middle-east-alliances>.
- Kukushkin, V (2019) Brexit Politico-Economic Influence on the Prospects of Trade and Investment Relations between the UK and the Gulf States. In P. Lennon, (ed.) Post-Brexit Britain, Europe and Policy towards Iran and the GCC states: Potential Challenges, and the Possibility of Cooperation. Gulf Research Center Press, London. 346-367.
- Merrill, J (2017) Exclusive: UK Refuses to Back UN Statement on Bahrain Rights Abuses”,
- Middle East Eye. Retrieved: 28 September 2020 from <https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/exclusive-uk-refuses-back-un-statement bahrain-rights-abuses>.
- Obeid, H (2020) The Impact of Brexit on Relations between the UK and Gulf Countries. The conversation. Retrieved 12 October 2020 from <https://theconversation.com/the-impact-of-brexit-on-relations-between-the-uk-and-gulf-countries-130820>.
- Omfif. Retrieved 12 October 2020 from <https://www.omfif.org/2018/04/lowering-barriers-to-uk-gcc-trade/>.
- Peterson, J. E. (2013) Oman's Insurgencies: The Sultanate's Struggle for Supremacy. Saqi Press. London.
- Piper, E, Aboudi, S & Browning, N (2016). Britain Plans to Deepen Security Cooperation with Gulf. Reuters. Retrieved 12 October 2020 from < https://de.reuters.com/article/us-britain-eu-gulf/britain-plans-to-deepen-security-cooperation-with-gulf-idUSKBN13W0W5>.
- Roberts, D. B. (2014) British National Interest in the Gulf: Rediscovering a Role?. International Affairs, 90 (3) pp 663-677.
- Royal Navy, (2018) Saif Sareeya, Retrieved 12 October 2020 from https://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/news-and-latest-activity/operations/red-sea-and-gulf/saif-sareea
- Sabbagh, D. (2019) UK Reclaims Place as World's Second Largest Arms Exporter. The Guardian. 20 July 2019.
- Shahandeh, B. (2019) The Aftermath of Brexit for British Presence in the Persian Gulf. Post-Brexit Britain, Europe and Policy towards Iran and the GCC States: Potential Challenges, and the Possibility of Cooperation. Gulf Research Center. London.
- Sharfi, M. H. (2018) UAE–UK Relations in the Context of Brexit: An Insight into the Opportunities and Challenges. Contemporary Arab Affairs, 11 (3) pp 135-154.
- Soubrier, E. (2019) The Arms Dynamic in Evolving Gulf (Geo) Politics. Peace Foundations. Retrieved 12 October 2020 from <https://sites.tufts.edu/reinventingpeace/2019/06/19/the-arms-dynamic-in-evolving-gulf-geopolitics/>.
- The Spectator, (2017). “Jeremy Corbyn’s Chatham House speech, full text”. Retrieved 12 October 2020 from <https://www.spectator.co.uk/article/jeremy-corbyn-s-chatham-house-speech-full-text>
- Tossini, J. (2018) The UK in Oman – A new support facility for the British Armed Forces. The UK Defence Journal. 20 February 2018 pp 33-39.
- Vaez-Zadeh, H., & Javadi, R. (2019) Reassessing Britain’s Withdrawal from the Persian Gulf in 1971 and its Military Return in 2014. World Sociopolitical Studies, 3 (1) pp 1-44.
- Vagneur-Jones, A. (2017) Global Britain in the Gulf: Brexit and relations with the GCC. Fondation Pour La Recherche Stratégique, 22 (4) pp 1-12.
- Wearing, D. (2018) Anglo Arabia: Why Gulf Wealth Matters to Britain. Polity. London.
- Yenigun, C. (2016) Regional Power of the Middle East. Sects. In R. Dogan (ed.) Ethnicity and Conflict Resolution. TASAM Publications, Istanbul. 412-420.
- Yenigun, C. (2013) Gulf Security, NATO and ICI: Two and a Half. Proceddings of International Conference on NATO's Approach to Gulf Cooperation, Dubai, pp. 33-48.
- Article View: 205
- PDF Download: 217