Document Type : Research Article
- SOFIA G.USMANOVA 1
- ANNA V.MALOLETKOVA 1
- GUZEL F.SAYFULLINA 1
- REGINA R.GAZIZOVA 1
- SVETLANA B.SEDOVA 2
1 Sterlitamak branch of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education ‘Bashkir State University’, Sterlitamak, Russia
2 Administration of the Urban District, the city of Sterlitamak, Sterlitamak, Russia
Background: The ongoing transformation of Russian society determines the requirements for a person, an active member of a new society. They must have a different motivation, a new style of behavior, qualitatively different thinking, which will allow them to work actively and live in new social relations. Based on this, new tasks are set for the education system, requiring a revision of the current goals and values of the educational system. The education system modernization is taking place, among other things, through the introduction of Federal State Educational Standards (or FSES). The FSES of the second generation states that its purpose is to determine and ensure the achievement of the requirements and conditions that are put forward by the state, aimed at the implementation of the main goal of the Russian educational system is the upbringing of a successful person, a citizen of a high level of morality, possessing modern knowledge, skills, and abilities, and respecting social ideals and values.
FSES of the second generation has a fundamental difference from previously implemented educational standards. It is based not only on the achievement of given subject results but on the formation of universal methods of educational activity in students, which determine the success of the child’s learning in the future at all educational stages. The new educational standard is based on the idea of the relationship and interdependence of the processes of education, training, and personal development. Seeing this, the goal of modern education is to shape the personality of the child.
Objective: based on theoretical and empirical research results, the aim is to develop, substantiate and test a program for managing the development of personal educational universal actions in younger schoolchildren.
Methods: theoretical: analysis, generalization, comparison, systematization; empirical: pedagogical observation, pedagogical experiment, testing, methods of mathematical and statistical processing, and data interpretation.
Findings: the characteristics of the personal development of junior schoolchildren are characterized; describes the goals and objectives of managing the personal development of students in the implementation of the federal state educational standard of primary general education; theoretically substantiated and characterized by a program for managing the formation of personal universal educational actions of primary schoolchildren. The developed program can be used by psychologists and teachers to organize work to manage the formation of personal universal educational actions of students at the stage of primary general education. The materials can be used by teachers and students in the process of preparing for lectures and practical classes.
Conclusion: students at the stage of primary general education have an insufficient level of development of personal universal educational actions. Program-targeted management of the process of forming personal universal educational actions of primary schoolchildren will ensure its effectiveness and efficiency.
- federal state educational standard
- universal educational actions
- junior pupil
- personal universal educational actions
- primary general education
- Asmolov, A. G. (2002). Psychology of Personality. Moscow: Research Center ‘Academia’.
- Asmolov, A. G. (2009). System-activity approach to the development of new generation standards. Pedagogy, 4.
- Asmolov, A. G. (2010). How to Design Universal Learning Actions in Primary School: From Action to Thought: A Guide for a Teacher. Moscow: Education.
- Asmolov, A. G. (2011). Formation of universal educational actions in basic school: From action to thought. Knowledge system: a guide for the teacher. Moscow: Prosveshcheniye.
- Asmolov, A. G., Burmenskaya, G. V., Volodarskaya, I. A., Karabanova, O. A.,
Molchanov, S. V., Salmina, N. G. (2011). Designing universal educational activities in high school. National Psychological Journal, 1(5), 104-110.
- Bernshtein, N. A. (2003). Modern searches in the physiology of the nervous process. Moscow: Smysl.
- Bobrysheva, E. V. (2017). Technology ‘Portfolio’ in the development of personal ULA of junior schoolchildren. Science among us, 2(2), 103-107.
- Burlachuk, L. F., Morozov S. M. (1999). Dictionary-reference book on psychodiagnostics. St.-Petersburg: Peter Com.
- Davydov, V. V. (2004). Developmental learning theory. Moscow: Academy.
- Ezhova, N. R. (2018). The development of personal universal educational actions in younger schoolchildren in extracurricular activities. Alley of science, 6, 11(27), 800-803.
- Galperin, P. Y. (2002). Psychology lectures. Moscow: Book House ‘University’.
- Kolesnikova I. V. (2014). Individual route of personal development of a younger student as a condition for the successful implementation of new requirements for modern education. European Social Science Journal, 7-2(46), 151-155.
- Kolodyazhnaya, E. V. (2015). The personal potential of the development of theoretical thinking in a junior schoolchild. Scientific works of SWorld, 7, 3(40), 90-93.
- Korolkova, O. I. (2013). Educational research project as a means of personal development of a younger student. Information and education: the boundaries of communications, 5(13), 234-235.
- Leontiev, A. N. (2004). Activity. Consciousness. Moscow: Academy.
- Luskanova N. G. (1999). Methods of research of children with learning difficulties: An educational and methodological manual. Мoscow: Folium.
- Martsinkovskaya, T. D. (2014). Developmental psychology: a textbook. Moscow: Academy.
- Ms. Nora Zilam Runera. (2014). Performance Analysis On Knowledge Management System on Project Management. International Journal of New Practices in Management and Engineering, 3(02), 08 - 13
- Naumenko, Y. V., Naumenko, O. V. (2019). Methodological support for the management of the formation of universal educational actions in the basic school. Innovations in education, 6, 50-60.
- Vygotsky, L. S. (2013). The mental development of children in the learning process. Moscow: Book on Demand.